### TABLE OF CONTENTS

**Chapter 1. Introduction**- Units; Quantity Calculus; Dimensional Analysis; Problem
**Chapter 2. Systems and Their Properties**- The System, Surroundings, and Boundary; Phases and Physical States of Matter; Some Basic Properties and Their Measurement; The State of the System; Processes and Paths; The Energy of the System; Problems
**Chapter 3. The First Law**- Heat, Work, and the First Law; Spontaneous, Reversible, and Irreversible Processes; Heat Transfer; Deformation Work; Applications of Expansion Work; Work in a Gravitational Field; Shaft Work; Electrical Work; Irreversible Work and Internal Friction; Reversible and Irreversible Processes: Generalities; Problems
**Chapter 4. The Second Law**- Types of Processes; Statements of the Second Law; Concepts Developed with Carnot Engines; The Second Law for Reversible Processes; The Second Law for Irreversible Processes; Applications; Summary; The Statistical Interpretation of Entropy; Problems
**Chapter 5. Thermodynamic Potentials**- Total Differential of a Dependent Variable; Total Differential of the Internal Energy; Enthalpy, Helmholtz Energy, and Gibbs Energy; Closed Systems; Open Systems; Expressions for Heat Capacity; Surface Work; Criteria for Spontaneity; Problems
**Chapter 6. The Third Law and Cryogenics**- The Zero of Entropy; Molar Entropies; Cryogenics; Problem
**Chapter 7. Pure Substances in Single Phases**-
Volume Properties;
Internal Pressure;
Thermal Properties;
Heating at Constant Volume or Pressure;
Partial Derivatives with Respect to
*T*,*p*, and*V*; Isothermal Pressure Changes; Standard States of Pure Substances; Chemical Potential and Fugacity; Standard Molar Quantities of a Gas; Problems **Chapter 8. Phase Transitions and Equilibria of Pure Substances**- Phase Equilibria; Phase Diagrams of Pure Substances; Phase Transitions; Coexistence Curves; Problems
**Chapter 9. Mixtures**- Composition Variables; Partial Molar Quantities; Gas Mixtures; Liquid and Solid Mixtures of Nonelectrolytes; Activity Coefficients in Mixtures of Nonelectrolytes; Evaluation of Activity Coefficients; Activities; Mixtures in Gravitational and Centrifugal Fields; Problems
**Chapter 10. Electrolyte Solutions**- Single-ion Quantities; Solution of a Symmetrical Electrolyte; Electrolytes in General; The Debye-Huckel Theory; Derivation of the Debye-Huckel Theory; Mean Ionic Activity Coefficients from Osmotic Coefficients; Problems
**Chapter 11. Reactions and Other Chemical Processes**- Mixing Processes; The Advancement and Molar Reaction Quantities; Molar Reaction Enthalpy; Enthalpies of Solution and Dilution; Reaction Calorimetry; Adiabatic Flame Temperature; Gibbs Energy and Reaction Equilibrium; The Thermodynamic Equilibrium Constant; Effect of Temperature and Pressure on Equilibrium Position; Problems
**Chapter 12. Equilibrium Conditions in Multicomponent Systems**- Effects of Temperature; Solvent Chemical Potentials from Phase Equilibria; Binary Mixture in Equilibrium with a Pure Phase; Colligative Properties of a Dilute Solution; Solid-Liquid Equilibria; Liquid-Liquid Equilibria; Membrane Equilibria; Liquid-Gas Equilibria; Reaction Equilibria; Evaluation of Standard Molar Quantities; Problems
**Chapter 13. The Phase Rule and Phase Diagrams**- The Gibbs Phase Rule for Multicomponent Systems; Phase Diagrams: Binary Systems; Phase Diagrams: Ternary Systems; Problems
**Chapter 14. Galvanic Cells**- Cell Diagrams and Cell Reactions; Electric Potentials in the Cell; Molar Reaction Quantities of the Cell Reaction; The Nernst Equation; Evaluation of the Standard Cell Potential; Standard Electrode Potentials; Problems
**Appendix A. Definitions of the SI Base Units****Appendix B. Physical Constants****Appendix C. Symbols for Physical Quantities****Appendix D. Miscellaneous Abbreviations and Symbols****Appendix E. Calculus Review****Appendix F. Mathematical Properties of State Functions****Appendix G. Forces, Energy, and Work****Appendix H. Standard Molar Thermodynamic Properties****Appendix I. Answers to Selected Problems****Bibliography****Index**