Laboratories and facilities:

Synthesis labs, Shared instrumentation, NIST


Synthesis Laboratories 4103 & 4105

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  • Carbolite triple-zone tube furnace up to 1200 C.
  • Binder convection ovens for solvothermal and hydrothermal synthesis.
  • Thermoscientific single zone tube furnace up to 1200 C.
  • Mellen 1600 C box furnace.
  • Retort systems for control of atmosphere in tube furnaces such as nitrogen/hydrogen.
  • MBraun glove box used as dry box.
  • Refurbished VAC glovebox used as wet box.
  • Vacuum line (~1 mTorr) for fast sealing of ampoules.
  • Oxygen torch for sealing ampoules for solid state reactions.
  • Schlenk line with trap and vacuum system consisting of an all-glass diffusion pump attached to an Edwards rotary vane pump.
  • Mellen 1200 C large volume box furnace.
  • Two Thermolyne 1050 C muffle furnaces.
  • Carbolite 1500 C single zone tube furnace.
  • Two Lindberg tube 1100 C furnaces with quartz retort systems.
  • Vacuum oven for drying glassware, compounds.
  • Carver hydraulic press for pellets.


Shared instrumentation

Located in XCC (Chemistry) and CNAM (Physics)

Center for Nanophysics and Advanced Physics (CNAM) Link

  • Magnetic Properties Measurement System from Quantum Design
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    MPMS with SQUID

    • SQUID with helium recovery system
    • Vertical field up to 7 T
    • Temperature ranging from 1.8 K to 310 K
    • Furnace insert for temperatures up to 800 K
  • Physical Properties Measurement Systems from Quantum Design
    • Electrical resistivity measurements below 300 K
    • Maximum field up to 9 T for magnetotransport
    • Heat capacity measurements

X-ray Crystallographic Center Link

  • D8 Bruker Advance powder diffractometer (Cu K-alpha) with LynxEye detector and automated 9-sample changer
  • C2 Bruker Discover with Vantec area detector for maximizing intensity, useful for parameteric studies and small samples
  • Variable temperature stage up to 900 C for C2
  • Apex2 Bruker single-crystal diffractometer (Mo K-alpha) with graphite monochromator and CryoStream for temperatues between 80 K and 400 K
  • Databases include the ICDD powder patterns, ICSD for inorganic crystal structures, and CSD for organic crystal structures
  • Full TOPAS software for structural refinements

C2 powder diffractometer


D8 powder diffractometer


Single crystal diffractometer

NIST Center for Neutron Research (Link)

Located about 30 miles from UMD

In order to elucidate the magnetic and nuclear structure of our inorganic materials, we heavily utilize neutron diffraction. Neutron scattering is a true bulk technique since it interacts with the nuclei of your sample instead of the electron cloud as in X-rays. A handy link to help you know the scattering power, known as the scattering length, of the nuclei in your sample is the NIST site on isotopes (Link) . Just as important is knowing whether any of these have a high absorption or incoherent cross section, which would be detrimental to a good powder pattern.


BT1 Neutron Diffractometer

  • High resolution powder diffraction
  • 32 detectors with Soller collimation
  • Ge(311), Cu(311), and Ge(733) monochromators for 2.079 ? 1.54 ? and 1.197 ?respectively
  • Temperatures ranging from 0.3 to 2000 K
  • Available with magnet fields up to 7 T